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London Buses route 105 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, England. Running between Heathrow Airport Central and Greenford, it is operated by London United.

History

Route 105 commenced operation on 4 March 1936 between Shepherd's Bush and Hounslow Heath (The Hussar) via Wood Lane, East Acton, Western Avenue, Park Royal, Perivale, Greenford, Southall, Heston and Hounslow Central. Operating from Shepherd's Bush (S) and Southall garages using AEC Renowns. The route was introduced to replace route 93 between Shepherds Bush and Southall as well as route 120 between Southall and Hounslow.

On 1 December 1937, the route was diverted between Southall and Greenford via Allenby Road, North Road, and Carlyle Avenue.

On 12 October 1938, the Monday to Saturday service was extended from Shepherd's Bush to Wandsworth Bridge via the section of withdrawn Route 26 and was withdrawn between Southall and Hounslow Heath, and this section was replaced by reintroducing route 120.

On 5 April 1939, the Monday to Saturday service was extended from Southall White Swan to Southall Brent Road.

On 18 October 1939, the Sunday service was withdrawn between Southall and Hounslow Heath replaced by revised route 120.

On 22 November 1939, the route was withdrawn between Shepherd's Bush and Wandsworth Bridge.

On 12 November 1947, the Sunday service was extended from Southall Bent Road to Hayes Blyth Road. AEC Regents were introduced at the same time.

On 26 October 1949, the AEC Renowns and the AEC Regents were replaced by RTW class Leyland Titans and RTL class Metro-Cammells bodied Leyland Titans.

On 7 October 1951, the RTW class Leyland Titans were replaced by AEC Regent III's.

On 26 November 1958, the route was extended to Hayes Brent Road at all times, replacing the withdrawn section of route 83.

On 19 August 1959, the route was extended from Hayes station to Hayes North.

On 3 October 1965, the route was withdrawn between Hayes station and Hayes North, and this section was replaced by new route 195.

On 31 December 1966, the route was converted to full AEC Regent III operation.

On 7 September 1968, the route was extended to Charville Lane Estate replacing withdrawn route 195.

On 4 December 1971, the route 195 was reintroduced, and route 105 was curtailed to Southall Brent Road.

On 6 January 1973, route 105 was extended from Southall to Heathrow Airport Central bus station via Cranford, replacing the withdrawn section of route 83.

On 11 October 1975, a Bifurcation to Havelock Estate was introduced.

On 30 April 1978, the AEC Regent III's were replaced by AEC Routemasters.

On 31 January 1981, Southall (HW) gained full allocation.

On 4 September 1982, the AEC Routemasters were replaced by crew operated MCW Metrobuses.

On 24 April 1983, the route was converted to one person operation using MCW Metrobuses.

On 2 June 1984, the route was diverted in Dormer's Wells via Dormer's Wells Lane, Burns Avenue and Lady Margaret Road.

On 12 April 1986, the route was extended to Heathrow Terminal 4 opened in 1986.

On 9 August 1986, Southall (HW) garage was announced closed and the allocation was transferred to Hanwell (HL) garage.

On 26 November 1988, the bifurcation to Havelock Estate was withdrawn and this section was replaced by route E5.

On 30 September 1989, the route was withdrawn between Heathrow Central and Terminal 4.

On 1 December 1990, part of the allocation was transferred to Alperton (ON) garage.

On 1 February 1992, by which time route 105 had come under the operation of the London Buses subsidiary CentreWest and the Monday to Saturday Shepherd's Bush to Southall section was renumbered as route 95.

On 6 February 1993, the allocation was transferred to Alperton (ON) garage.

On 4 March 1995, the route was converted to minibus operation using Alexander bodied Mercedes-Benz 811Ds, though Metrobuses continued to appear occasionally.

On 27 April 1996, the Sunday service was rerouted at Greenford to Greenford Station - withdrawn section to Shepherds Bush covered by Sunday service on Route 95.

On 25 November 1996, the route passed to London & Country, who ordered low floor Plaxton Pointer and East Lancs Spryte bodied Dennis Dart SLFs - among the first in London - for the route. Just seven months later, however, London & Country surrendered the contract due to difficulties, and CentreWest duly regained route 105, again operating from Alperton (ON) garage, but taking the London & Country Dennis Dart SLFs on loan.

Also in 1996, CentreWest took over Southall-based London Buslines, and when both companies were acquired by FirstGroup the following year, the 105 was given to the latter to operate. The loaned London & Country Dennis Darts were duly replaced by long Marshall Capital bodied Dennis Dart SLFs in yellow and brown skirt livery. However, First London then decided to wind down the London Buslines operation.

On 30 June 2001, the route passed to First London operating from their Greenford (G) garage and was converted back to double deck operation using brand new low floor Plaxton President bodied Dennis Tridents.

On 16 April 2004, the route was converted into a 24-hour service.

On 1 July 2006, the route was retained by First London.

On 2 July 2011, the route passed to Metroline operating from their Perivale West (PA) garage using brand new Wright Eclipse Gemini 2 bodied Volvo B9TLs. The route was diverted between Harlington Corner and Heathrow Central via route 111, instead of via Compass Centre at the same time.

On 30 June 2018, the route passed to London United operating from their Hounslow Heath (HH) garage using brand new Wright Eclipse Gemini 3 bodied Volvo B5LHs.

On 9 May 2021, the garage code for Hounslow Heath (HH) was replaced by (WK).

On 29 May 2021, the night allocation was transferred to Hounslow (AV) garage.

On 12 June 2021, the Wright Eclipse Gemini 3 bodied Volvo B5LHs on the night service were replaced by existing Alexander Dennis Enviro 400Hs.

The night service will be transferred back to Hounslow Heath (WK) garage and converted back to full existing Wright Eclipse Gemini 3 bodied Volvo B5LHs from 30 April 2022.

Current Route

Route 105 operates via these primary locations:

  • Heathrow Airport Central Bus Station
  • Bath Road
  • Heathrow Airport North
  • Harlington Corner
  • Cranford
  • Heston
  • The Green
  • Southall Station
  • Southall Broadway
  • Dormer's Wells
  • Allenby Road
  • Greenford Broadway
  • Greenford Road
  • Greenford Station Rockware Avenue

Gallery

External links

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